Mesothelioma mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from mesothelioma, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage mesothelioma is of total cancer deaths, 2014, UK

Mesothelioma is the 16th most common cause of cancer death in the UK (2014), accounting for 2% of all cancer deaths.[1-3] In males, it is the 13th most common cause of cancer death in the UK (2% of all male cancer deaths), whilst it is the 20th most common cause of cancer death in females in the UK (less than 1% of all female cancer deaths).[1-3]

In 2014, there were 2,567 mesothelioma deaths in the UK: 2,143 (83%) in males and 424 (17%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 51:10.[1-3] The crude mortality rate Open a glossary item shows that there are 7 mesothelioma deaths for every 100,000 males in the UK, and 1 for every 100,000 females.

The European age-standardised mortality rates Open a glossary item (AS rates) are significantly lower in Scotland and Northern Ireland compared with England for males, while rates are significantly lower in Wales and Northern Ireland compared with England for females.[1-3]

Mesothelioma (C45), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 1,858 104 146 35 2,143
Crude Rate 6.9 6.8 5.6 3.9 6.7
AS Rate 8.6 7.5 6.8 6.0 8.3
AS Rate - 95% LCL 8.2 6.1 5.7 4.0 8.0
AS Rate - 95% UCL 9.0 9.0 7.9 7.9 8.7
Female Deaths 378 12 31 3 424
Crude Rate 1.4 0.8 1.1 0.3 1.3
AS Rate 1.4 0.7 1.1 0.4 1.3
AS Rate - 95% LCL 1.3 0.3 0.7 -0.0 1.2
AS Rate - 95% UCL 1.6 1.1 1.5 0.8 1.5
Persons Deaths 2,236 116 177 38 2,567
Crude Rate 4.1 3.8 3.3 2.1 4.0
AS Rate 4.6 3.7 3.6 2.6 4.4
AS Rate - 95% LCL 4.4 3.0 3.0 1.8 4.2
AS Rate - 95% UCL 4.8 4.4 4.1 3.4 4.6

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS Rate Open a glossary item

Mesothelioma mortality rates throughout Great Britain vary significantly between health boundaries. The highest rates tend to be in areas which contain ports and dockyards, such as West Dunbartonshire in Scotland and Barrow-in-Furness in England, further supporting the link between mesothelioma and past exposure to asbestos in the shipbuilding industry.[4,5]

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.isdscotland.org/Health-Topics/Cancer/Publications/index.asp
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.qub.ac.uk/research-centres/nicr/.
  4. Health and Safety Executive. Mesothelioma in Great Britain 2013. Mesothelioma mortality in  Great Britain 1968-2011. Merseyside: HSE; 2013.
  5. Health and Safety Executive. Mesothelioma Mortality in Great Britain: Analyses by Geographical  Area and Occupation 2005. Merseyside: HSE; 2008.
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Mesothelioma mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older men and women. Mesothelioma is rare under the age of 50 due to the long latency period between initial exposure to asbestos and diagnosis. In the UK between 2010-2012, almost half 49% of mesothelioma deaths were in men and women aged 75 years and over, and 99% were in those aged 50 years and over.[1-3]

Age-specific mortality rates in males rise sharply from around age 55-59, with the highest rates in the oldest age groups. In females the pattern is similar but the rise is much more gradual. Mortality rates are higher for males than females from age 50-54, and this gap widens with age, being widest between the ages of 85+, when the male:female mortality ratio of age-specific rates (to account for different proportions of males to females in each age group) is more than 8:1.[1-3]

Mesothelioma (C45), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, UK, 2010-2012

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, January 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ons.gov.uk/ons/publications/all-releases.html?definition=tcm%3A77-27475
  2. Data were provided by ISD Scotland on request, March 2014. Similar data can be found here: http://gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/theme/vital-events/general/ref-tables/index.html
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Cancer Registry on request, Decmber 2013. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp22.htm.
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Mesothelioma mortality rates have increased overall in Great Britain since the early 1970s.[1] For males, age-standardised mortality rates increased more than seven-fold between 1971-1973 and 2010-2012. The rise is smaller for women, with rates increasing more than six-fold between 1971-1973 and 2010-2012. Over the last decade (between 2001-2003 and 2010-2012), age-standardised mortality rates have increased by 20% in females and remained stable in males.

Mesothelioma (C45), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, Great Britain, 1971-2012

Trends in mesothelioma mortality correlate with the rise and fall of asbestos exposure in the UK in the 20th century.[2] It is predicted that the number of mesothelioma deaths in Great Britain will peak around 2017-2018 and decline rapidly thereafter.[1]

In both males and females, mesothelioma mortality rates have increased overall for broad age groups 55-64 and over in Great Britain since the early 1970s, and remained stable in younger age groups.[1] The largest increases have been in those aged between 75 and 84, with rates in males increasing around 26-fold between 1971-1973 and 2010-2012, and rates in females increasing around 23-fold in the same period. The different trends in the various age groups largely reflect whether the birth cohorts currently making up that age group were of working age at a time when asbestos was widely used.

Mesothelioma (C45), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, By Age, Males, Great Britain, 1971-2012

Mesothelioma (C45), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, By Age, Females, Great Britain, 1971-2012

Mortality trends over time data are taken from the mesothelioma register as it is the most reliable source of information on mesothelioma mortality.[3]

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There is no evidence for an association between mesothelioma mortality and deprivation for either males or females in England.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised mortality rates are similar for both males and females living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived.[1]

Mesothelioma (C45), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient  in mesothelioma mortality between people living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1]

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Cancer Statistics Explained

See information and explanations on terminology used for statistics and reporting of cancer, and the methods used to calculate some of our statistics.

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