42% (49% in males and 28% in females) of liver cancer cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors.
Liver cancer risk is associated with a number of risk factors.[2,3]
Liver Cancer Risk Factors
|Increases risk||Decreases risk|
|'Sufficient' or 'convinicing' evidence||
|'Limited' or 'probable' evidence||
International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) and World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) classifications.
Use our interactive tool to explore risk factors for liver cancer.
- Parkin DM, Boyd L, Walker LC. 16. The fraction of cancer attributable to lifestyle and environmental factors in the UK in 2010. BJC 2011;105 Suppl 2:S77-81.
- International Agency for Research on Cancer. List of Classifications by cancer sites with sufficient or limited evidence in humans, Volumes 1 to 116*. Accessed October 2016.
- World Cancer Research Fund / American Institute for Cancer Research. Continuous Update Project Findings & Reports. Accessed October 2016.