Laryngeal cancer survival statistics

Survival

Survive head and neck cancers for 10 or more years, 2009-13, England

One-year net survival among head and neck cancer subtypes is highest in salivary glands cancer and lowest in hypopharyngeal cancer. For all head and neck cancer subtypes, one-year survival falls between 1 and 5 years after diagnosis, though the gradient of the fall varies between subtypes.  For most head and neck cancer subtypes, one-year survival falls between 5 and 10 years after diagnosis.

Hypopharyngeal Cancer

60% of men survive hypopharyngeal cancer for at least one year, and this is predicted to fall to 27% surviving for five years or more, as shown by age-standardised Open a glossary item net survival for patients diagnosed with hypopharyngeal cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1] Survival for women is similar with 61% surviving for one year or more, and 30% predicted to survive for at least five years.

Hypopharyngeal Cancer (C12, C13) Age-Standardised One-, Five- and Ten-Year Net Survival, Adults (Aged 15-90), England, 2009-2013

Ad Hoc Sex 1-Year Survival (%) 5-Year Survival (%) 10-Year Survival (%)
Men Net Survival 60.4 27.2 17.9
95% LCL 57.9 24.7 15.3
95% UCL 62.8 29.7 20.8
Women Net Survival 60.7 30.2 23.3
95% LCL 56.3 25.7 18.5
95% UCL 64.8 34.8 28.5
Adults Net Survival 60.5 27.8 19.1
95% LCL 58.3 25.7 16.7
95% UCL 62.6 30.1 21.6

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item
 
Five- and ten-year survival is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model
 

In men, hypopharyngeal cancer survival continues to fall beyond five years after diagnosis. In women, hypopharyngeal cancer survival is similar at five and ten years after diagnosis. 18% of men and 23% of women are predicted to survive their disease for ten years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with hypopharyngeal cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1]

Laryngeal Cancer

85% of men survive laryngeal cancer for at least one year, and this is predicted to fall to 65% surviving for five years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with laryngeal cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1] Survival for women is not available due to the low number of cases.

Laryngeal Cancer (C32) Age-Standardised One-, Five- and Ten-Year Net Survival, Men (Aged 15-90), England, 2009-2013

Ad Hoc Sex 1-Year Survival (%) 5-Year Survival (%) 10-Year Survival (%)
Men Net Survival 85.3 65.4 54.7
95% LCL 84.3 64.0 52.7
95% UCL 86.1 66.8 56.7

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits
 
Five- and ten-year survival is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model
 

Laryngeal cancer survival continues to fall beyond five years after diagnosis. 55% of men are predicted to survive their disease for ten years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for men diagnosed with laryngeal cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1]

Survival for laryngeal cancer is reported in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales[2,3,4] though it is difficult to make survival comparisons between countries due to different methodologies and criteria for including patients in analyses.

Oral Cavity Cancer

78% of men survive oral cavity cancer for at least one year, and this is predicted to fall to 54% surviving for five years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with oral cavity cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1] Survival for women is similar to men one year after diagnosis with 79% surviving for one year or more and higher than men at five years after diagnosis with 60% predicted to survive for at least five years.

Oral Cavity Cancer (C03, C04, C05, C06) Age-Standardised One-, Five- and Ten-Year Net Survival, Adults (Aged 15-90), England, 2009-2013

Ad Hoc Sex 1-Year Survival (%) 5-Year Survival (%) 10-Year Survival (%)
Men Net Survival 77.8 53.5 42.2
95% LCL 76.5 51.7 39.8
95% UCL 79.0 55.2 44.6
Women Net Survival 79.2 59.8 49.6
95% LCL 77.6 57.7 46.6
95% UCL 80.7 61.9 52.5
Adults Net Survival 78.4 56.1 45.2
95% LCL 77.4 54.7 43.4
95% UCL 79.3 57.4 47.1

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits
 
Five- and ten-year survival is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model
 

Oral cavity cancer survival continues to fall beyond five years after diagnosis. 42% of men and 50% of women are predicted to survive their disease for ten years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with oral cavity cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1]

Survival for oral cavity cancer is reported in Scotland, Northern Ireland and Wales[2,3,4] though it is difficult to make survival comparisons between countries due to different methodologies and criteria for including patients in analyses.

Oropharyngeal Cancer

84% of men survive oropharyngeal cancer for at least one year, and this is predicted to fall to 66% surviving for five years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1] Survival for women is similar with 84% surviving for one year or more, and 66% predicted to survive for at least five years.

Oropharyngeal Cancer (C09, C10, C02.4) Age-Standardised One-, Five- and Ten-Year Net Survival, Adults (Aged 15-90), England, 2009-2013

Ad Hoc Sex 1-Year Survival (%) 5-Year Survival (%) 10-Year Survival (%)
Men Net Survival 83.8 65.5 57.0
95% LCL 82.6 63.8 54.7
95% UCL 84.8 67.1 59.3
Women Net Survival 83.6 66.0 59.4
95% LCL 81.6 63.1 55.6
95% UCL 85.3 68.7 63.0
Adults Net Survival 83.7 65.6 57.7
95% LCL 82.7 64.2 55.7
95% UCL 84.6 67.0 59.6

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits
 
Five- and ten-year survival is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model
 

Oropharyngeal cancer survival continues to fall beyond five years after diagnosis. 57% of men and 59% of women are predicted to survive their disease for ten years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1]

Survival for oropharyngeal cancer is reported in Wales[4] though it is difficult to make survival comparisons between countries due to different methodologies and criteria for including patients in analyses.

Salivary Glands Cancer

83% of men survive salivary glands cancer for at least one year, and this is predicted to fall to 58% surviving for five years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with salivary glands cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1] Survival for women is higher with 90% surviving for one year or more, and 78% predicted to survive for at least five years.

Salivary Glands Cancer (C07, C08) Age-Standardised One-, Five- and Ten-Year Net Survival, Adults (Aged 15-90), England, 2009-2013

Ad Hoc Sex 1-Year Survival (%) 5-Year Survival (%) 10-Year Survival (%)
Men Net Survival 82.5 58.3 50.7
95% LCL 80.2 55.1 45.8
95% UCL 84.5 61.4 55.5
Women Net Survival 89.8 77.8 70.3
95% LCL 87.8 74.6 64.9
95% UCL 91.5 80.6 75.2
Adults Net Survival 85.8 67.0 59.3
95% LCL 84.3 64.6 55.6
95% UCL 87.2 69.2 62.8

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits
 
Five- and ten-year survival is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model
 

Salivary glands cancer survival is similar at five and ten years after diagnosis. 51% of men and 70% of women are predicted to survive their disease for ten years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with salivary glands cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1]

Sinus Cancer

73% of men survive sinus cancer for at least one year, and this is predicted to fall to 50% surviving for five years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with sinus cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1] Survival for women is similar with 78% surviving for one year or more, and 53% predicted to survive for at least five years.

Sinus Cancer (C30, C31) Age-Standardised One-, Five- and Ten-Year Net Survival, Adults (Aged 15-90), England, 2009-2013

Ad Hoc Sex 1-Year Survival (%) 5-Year Survival (%) 10-Year Survival (%)
Men Net Survival 73.0 50.3 42.5
95% LCL 70.2 46.7 37.7
95% UCL 75.6 53.7 47.3
Women Net Survival 77.5 53.2 42.5
95% LCL 74.2 48.9 37.3
95% UCL 80.4 57.2 47.5
Adults Net Survival 74.8 51.4 42.6
95% LCL 72.7 48.7 39.1
95% UCL 76.8 54.1 46.1

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits
 
Five- and ten-year survival is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model
 

In men, sinus cancer survival is similar at five and ten years after diagnosis. In women, sinus cancer continues to fall beyond 5 years. 43% of men and 43% of women are predicted to survive their disease for ten years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with sinus cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1]

Tongue Cancer

80% of men survive tongue cancer for at least one year, and this is predicted to fall to 60% surviving for five years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with tongue cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1] Survival for women is similar with 81% surviving for one year or more, and 62% predicted to survive for at least five years.

Tongue Cancer (C01, C02 excluding C02.4) Age-Standardised One-, Five- and Ten-Year Net Survival, Adults (Aged 15-90), England, 2009-2013

Ad Hoc Sex 1-Year Survival (%) 5-Year Survival (%) 10-Year Survival (%)
Men Net Survival 80.2 59.6 49.8
95% LCL 79.0 58.0 47.5
95% UCL 81.3 61.2 52.1
Women Net Survival 81.3 61.8 53.6
95% LCL 79.7 59.6 50.4
95% UCL 82.8 63.9 56.6
Adults Net Survival 80.6 60.3 51.2
95% LCL 79.7 59.0 49.3
95% UCL 81.4 61.6 53.0

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits
 
Five- and ten-year survival is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model
 

Tongue cancer survival continues to fall beyond five years after diagnosis. 50% of men and 54% of women are predicted to survive their disease for ten years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with tongue cancer during 2009-2013 in England.[1]

References

  1. Muller P, Belot A, Morris M, Rachet B, Cancer Research UK Cancer Survival Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Net survival and the probability of cancer death from rare cancers. Available from http://csg.lshtm.ac.uk/rare-cancers/. Accessed July 2016.
  2. ISD Scotland. Trends in Cancer Survival 1983-2007.
  3. Northern Ireland Cancer Registry. Incidence & Survival 1993-2012.
  4. Welsh Cancer Intelligence and Surveillance Unit. Cancer in Wales: 2001-2004.
Last reviewed:

For most head and neck cancer subtypes survival is higher in younger people and falls with increasing age, though the gradient of the fall varies.

Hypopharyngeal Cancer

Five-year survival for hypopharyngeal cancer is highest in the youngest men and women and decreases with increasing age. Five-year net survival in men ranges from 34% in 15-49 year-olds to 20% in 70-89 year-olds for patients diagnosed with hypopharyngeal cancer in England during 2009-2013.[1] In women, five-year survival ranges from 40% in 60-69 year olds to 21% in 70-89 year olds.

Hypopharyngeal Cancer (C12, C13), Five-Year Net Survival by Age, England, 2009-2013

Laryngeal Cancer

Five-year survival for laryngeal cancer is highest in the youngest men and decreases with increasing age. Five-year net survival in men ranges from 74% in 15-49 year-olds to 58% in 80-99 year-olds for patients diagnosed with laryngeal cancer in England during 2009-2013.[1] For women no laryngeal cancer survival data are available, due to the low number of cases.

Laryngeal Cancer (C32), Five-Year Net Survival by Age, Men, England, 2009-2013

Oral Cavity Cancer

Five-year survival for oral cavity cancer is highest in the youngest men and women and decreases with increasing age. Five-year net survival in men ranges from 68% in 15-49 year-olds to 46% in 70-89 year-olds for patients diagnosed with oral cavity cancer in England during 2009-2013.[1] In women, five-year survival ranges from 70% in 15-49 year olds to 51% in 70-89 year olds.

Oral Cavity Cancer (C03, C04, C05, C06), Five-Year Net Survival by Age, England, 2009-2013

Oropharyngeal Cancer

Five-year survival for oropharyngeal cancer is highest in the youngest men and women and decreases with increasing age. Five-year net survival in men ranges from 82% in 15-49 year-olds to 43% in 70-89 year-olds for patients diagnosed with oropharyngeal cancer in England during 2009-2013.[1] In women, five-year survival ranges from 83% in 15-49 year olds to 49% in 70-89 year olds.

Oropharyngeal Cancer (C09, C10, C02.4), Five-Year Net Survival by Age, England, 2009-2013

Salivary Glands Cancer

Five-year survival for salivary glands cancer is highest in the youngest men and women and decreases with increasing age. Five-year net survival in men ranges from 85% in 15-49 year-olds to 45% in 70-89 year-olds for patients diagnosed with salivary glands cancer in England during 2009-2013.[1] In women, five-year survival ranges from 93% in 15-49 year olds to 61% in 70-89 year olds.

Salivary Glands Cancer (C07, C08), Five-Year Net Survival by Age, England, 2009-2013

Sinus Cancer

Five-year survival for sinus cancer is highest in the youngest men and women and decreases with increasing age. Five-year net survival in men ranges from 60% in 15-49 year-olds to 44% in 70-89 year-olds for patients diagnosed with sinus cancer in England during 2009-2013.[1] In women, five-year survival ranges from 65% in 15-49 year olds to 45% in 70-89 year olds.

Sinus Cancer (C30, C31), Five-Year Net Survival by Age, England, 2009-2013

Tongue Cancer

Five-year survival for tongue cancer is highest in the youngest men and women and decreases with increasing age. Five-year net survival in men ranges from 74% in 15-49 year-olds to 47% in 70-89 year-olds for patients diagnosed with tongue cancer in England during 2009-2013.[1] In women, five-year survival ranges from 77% in 15-49 year olds to 52% in 70-89 year olds.

Tongue Cancer (C01, C02 excluding C02.4), Five-Year Net Survival by Age, England, 2009-2013

References

  1. Muller P, Belot A, Morris M, Rachet B, Cancer Research UK Cancer Survival Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Net survival and the probability of cancer death from rare cancers. Available from http://csg.lshtm.ac.uk/rare-cancers/. Accessed July 2016.
Last reviewed:

As with most cancers, survival for male laryngeal cancer is improving. One-year age-standardised Open a glossary item net survival for laryngeal cancer in men has increased from 77% during 1971-1972 to 86% during 2010-2011 in England and Wales – an absolute survival difference Open a glossary item of 9 percentage points.[1]

Laryngeal Cancer (C32), Age-Standardised One-Year Net Survival, Men (Aged 15-99), England and Wales, 1971-2011

Five-year age-standardised net survival for laryngeal cancer in men has increased from 56% during 1971-1972 to a predicted survival of 70% during 2010-2011 in England and Wales – an absolute survival difference of 14 percentage points.[1

Laryngeal Cancer (C32), Age-Standardised Five-Year Net Survival, Men (Aged 15-99), England and Wales, 1971-2011

Five-year survival for 2010-2011 is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model

Ten-year survival has followed the same trend as one- and five-year survival since the early 1970s. Ten-year age-standardised net survival for laryngeal cancer in men has increased from 49% during 1971-1972 to a predicted survival of 62% during 2010-2011 in England and Wales – an absolute survival difference of 13 percentage points.[1] Overall, more than 6 in 10 men diagnosed with laryngeal cancer today are predicted to survive their disease for at least ten years.

Laryngeal Cancer (C32), Age-Standardised Ten-Year Net Survival, Men (Aged 15-99), England and Wales, 1971-2011

Ten-year survival for 2005-2006 and 2010-2011 is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model

Last reviewed:

Survival for laryngeal cancer is related to stage of the disease at diagnosis. Patients are equally likely to be diagnosed at either an early or an advanced stage.  

One-year relative survival for laryngeal cancer (larynx and accessory sinuses [C31-C32]) is highest for patients presenting at Stage I, with 100% of patients surviving their disease for at least one year for patients diagnosed during 2006-2010 in the former Anglia Cancer Network.[1] One-year survival is lowest for those diagnosed with Stage IV disease (65%).

Larynx and Accessory Sinus Cancer (C31-C32), One-Year Relative Survival by Stage, Adults (Aged 15-99 Years), Former Anglia Cancer Network, 2006-2010

Relative survival can be greater than 100% because it accounts for background mortality and means that people diagnosed have a better chance of surviving after diagnosis than the general population.

Five-year relative survival for laryngeal cancer ranges from 91% at Stage I to 42% at Stage IV for patients diagnosed during 2002-2006 in the former Anglia Cancer Network.[1]

Larynx and Accessory Sinus Cancer (C31-C32), Five-Year Relative Survival by Stage, Adults (Aged 15-99 Years), Former Anglia Cancer Network, 2002-2006

References

  1. Data were provided by The National Cancer Registration Service, Eastern Office on request. Similar data can be found here: http://www.ncras.nhs.uk/ncrs-east/
Last reviewed:

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