Laryngeal cancer mortality statistics

Deaths

Deaths from laryngeal cancer, 2014, UK

 

Proportion of all deaths

Percentage laryngeal cancer is of total cancer deaths, 2014, UK

 

Age

Peak rate of laryngeal cancer deaths, 2012-2014, UK

 

Trend over time

Laryngeal cancer mortality rates have decreased by 30% since the early 1970s, UK

 

Laryngeal cancer accounts for less than 1% of cancer deaths in the UK for males and females combined (2014) and is not among the 20 most common causes of cancer death.[1-3] In males, it is the 17th most common cause of cancer death in the UK (less than 1% of all male cancer deaths), whilst in females it is not among the 20 most common causes of cancer death in the UK (less than 1% of all female cancer deaths).[1-3]

In 2014, there were 839 deaths from laryngeal cancer in the UK: 677(81%) in males and 162 (19%) in females, giving a male:female ratio of around 42:10.[1-3] The  crude mortality rate Open a glossary item shows that there are 2 laryngeal cancer deaths for every 100,000 males in the UK, and less than 1 for every 100,000 females.

The European age-standardised mortality rates Open a glossary item (AS rates) is significantly higher in Scotland compared with England and Wales for males only.[1-3] For females only, rates are significantly higher in Northern Ireland compared with England. There are no significant differences between the other constituent countries of the UK for either sex.[1-3]

Laryngeal Cancer (C32), Number of Deaths, Crude and European Age-Standardised (AS) Mortality Rates per 100,000 Population, UK, 2014

England Wales Scotland Northern Ireland UK
Male Deaths 539 30 86 22 677
Crude Rate 2.0 2.0 3.3 2.4 2.1
AS Rate 2.5 2.2 3.9 3.3 2.6
AS Rate - 95% LCL 2.3 1.4 3.1 1.9 2.4
AS Rate - 95% UCL 2.7 2.9 4.8 4.7 2.8
Female Deaths 117 11 22 12 162
Crude Rate 0.4 0.7 0.8 1.3 0.5
AS Rate 0.4 0.7 0.8 1.5 0.5
AS Rate - 95% LCL 0.4 0.3 0.5 0.6 0.4
AS Rate - 95% UCL 0.5 1.0 1.1 2.3 0.6
Persons Deaths 656 41 108 34 839
Crude Rate 1.2 1.3 2.0 1.8 1.3
AS Rate 1.3 1.3 2.1 2.3 1.4
AS Rate - 95% LCL 1.2 0.9 1.7 1.5 1.3
AS Rate - 95% UCL 1.4 1.7 2.6 3.0 1.5

95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits Open a glossary item around the AS rate Open a glossary item

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases
  2. Data were provided by Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
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Laryngeal cancer mortality is strongly related to age, with the highest mortality rates being in older males and females. In the UK in 2012-2014, on average each year almost 6 in 10 (58%) deaths were in people aged 70 and over.[1-3]

Age-specific mortality rates rise gradually from around age 45-49, with the highest rates in the 85-89 and 90+ age groups. The rise is gradual for females but sharp for males, with male rates rising particularly sharply from age 80-84. Mortality rates are significantly higher for males than for females in those aged 45-49 and over and this gap is widest at the age of 90+, when the male:female ratio of age-specific rates (to account for the different proportions of males to females in each age group) is around 91:10.[1-3]

Laryngeal Cancer (C32), Average Number of Deaths per Year and Age-Specific Mortality Rates, UK, 2012-2014

For most cancer types, mortality by age largely reflects incidence and survival by age, e.g. typically, higher incidence and lower survival in older people results in higher mortality in older people.

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015.Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
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Laryngeal cancer mortality rates have decreased by 30% in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] This includes a larger overall decrease for males than females, and for both sexes there has been a period of stability followed by a decrease during this time.

For males, European age-standardised Open a glossary item (AS) mortality rates remained stable stable between 1971-1973 and 1991-1993 and then decreased by 37% between 1991-1993 and 2012-2014. For females, rates remained stable between 1971-1973 and 1991-1993 and then decreased by 33% between 1991-1993 and 2012-2014.

Over the last decade in the UK (between 2003-2005 and 2012-2014), laryngeal cancer AS mortality rates have decreased by 10% for males and females combined, however this includes a decrease in males (11%) and stable rates in females.[1-3]

Laryngeal Cancer (C32), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, UK, 1971-2014

For most cancer types, mortality trends largely reflect incidence and survival trends, e.g. increased incidence without sufficient survival improvement results in increased mortality.

Laryngeal cancer mortality rates have decreased overall for males in all of the broad adult age groups in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] The largest decrease has been in males aged 25-49, with rates falling by 58% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014.

Laryngeal Cancer (C32), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Age, Males, UK, 1971-2014

Laryngeal cancer mortality rates have remained stable overall for females in most of the broad adult age groups in the UK since the early 1970s.[1-3] For women age 50-59 there has been a decrease during this time period, with rates falling by 60% between 1971-1973 and 2012-2014.

Laryngeal Cancer (C32), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates, by Age, Females, UK, 1971-2014

References

  1. Data were provided by the Office for National Statistics on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: https://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/birthsdeathsandmarriages/deaths/bulletins/deathsregistrationsummarytables/previousReleases.
  2. Data were provided by the Information Services Division (ISD) Scotland on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nrscotland.gov.uk/statistics-and-data/statistics/statistics-by-theme/vital-events/vital-events-reference-tables.
  3. Data were provided by the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency on request, November 2015. Similar data can be found here: http://www.nisra.gov.uk/demography/default.asp2.htm.
Last reviewed:

There is evidence for an association between laryngeal cancer mortality and deprivation for males in England, but there is no evidence for an association for females.[1] England-wide data for 2007-2011 show European age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates are 298% higher for males living in the most deprived areas compared with the least deprived, but for females the rates are similar for those living in the least and most deprived areas.[1]

Laryngeal Cancer (C32), European Age-Standardised Mortality Rates by Deprivation Quintile, England, 2007-2011

The estimated deprivation gradient in laryngeal cancer mortality for males and females living in the most and least deprived areas in England has not changed in the period 2002-2011.[1] It has been estimated that there would have been around 260 fewer cancer deaths each year in England during 2007-2011 if all people experienced the same mortality rates as the least deprived.[1]

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There were around 19,800 deaths from laryngeal cancer in Europe in 2012 (1% of total cancer deaths). In Europe (2012), the highest World age-standardised Open a glossary item mortality rates for laryngeal cancer are in the Republic of Moldova for men and Albania for women; the lowest rates are in Iceland for men and Luxembourg, Iceland and Malta for women. UK laryngeal cancer mortality rates are estimated to be the 6th lowest in males in Europe, and 20th highest in females.[1] These data are broadly in line with Europe-specific data available elsewhere.[2]

Laryngeal cancer is the 19th most common cause of cancer death worldwide, with around 83,400 deaths from laryngeal cancer in 2012 (1% of the total). Laryngeal cancer mortality rates are highest in Central and Eastern Europe and lowest in Western Africa, but this partly reflects varying data quality worldwide.[1]

References

  1. Ferlay J, Soerjomataram I, Ervik M, et al. GLOBOCAN 2012 v1.0, Cancer Incidence and Mortality Worldwide: IARC CancerBase No. 11 [Internet]. Lyon, France: International Agency for Research on Cancer; 2013. Available from:http://globocan.iarc.fr, accessed December 2013.
  2. Ferlay J, Steliarova-Foucher E, Lortet-Tieulent J, et al.Cancer incidence and mortality patterns in Europe: Estimates for 40 countries in 2012. European Journal of Cancer (2013) 49, 1374-1403.
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Cancer Statistics Explained

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