- Cervical cancer is the twelfth most common cancer in women in the UK and the third most common gynaecological cancer after uterus (womb) and ovary.
- There were around 3,100 new cases of cervical cancer diagnosed in the UK in 2011, that is more than 8 women every day.
- Over three-quarters of all new cases of cervical cancer are diagnosed in women aged 25-64.
- Cervical cancer is the most common cancer in females under 35 in the UK.
- Cervical cancer incidence in Great Britain decreased by nearly half between the late 1980’s until the early 2000s, but the last decade has seen an increase in rates in younger women.
- In Europe, around 58,400 new cases of cervical cancer were estimated to have been diagnosed in 2012. The UK incidence rate is 12th lowest in Europe.
- Worldwide, more than 527,000 women were diagnosed with cervical cancer in 2012, with incidence rates varying across the world.
Cervical cancer statistics
New cases of cervical cancer, 2011, UK
Deaths from cervical cancer, 2012, UK
Survive cervical cancer for 10 or more years, 2010-11, England and Wales
Preventable cases of cervical cancer, UK
- Around 920 women died from cervical cancer in 2012 in the UK, that is more than 2 every day.
- More than half of cervical cancer deaths occur in women aged between 25 and 64.
- Cervical cancer death rates have decreased by 71% in the UK since the early 1970s.
- In Europe, around 24,400 women were estimated to have died from cervical cancer in 2012. The UK mortality rate is ninth lowest in Europe.
- Worldwide, more than 265,000 women are estimated to have died from cervical cancer in 2012, with mortality rates varying across the world.
- Around two-thirds of women with cervical cancer survive their disease for five years or more.
- More than 6 in 10 women with cervical cancer survive their disease for at least ten years.
- Cervical cancer survival is higher in women diagnosed at a younger age. 9 in 10 women diagnosed with cervical cancer under age 40 survive for at least five years.
- 100% of cervical cases each year in the UK are linked to major lifestyle and other risk factors
- A woman’s risk of developing cervical cancer depends on many factors, including age, genetics, and exposure to risk factors (including some potentially avoidable lifestyle factors).
- High-risk human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main potentially avoidable risk factor for cervical cancer, linked to an estimated 100% of cervical cancer cases in the UK. Some other factors may relate to cervical cancer risk partly because they are related to HPV.
- Smoking, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and oral contraceptives cause cervical cancer.
- ‘Low-risk’ HPV types may relate to higher cervical cancer risk, but evidence is unclear.
- The NHS Cervical Screening Programme was set up in 1988 by the Department of Health.
- Cervical screening can prevent around 45% of cervical cancer cases in women in their 30s, rising with age to 75% in women in their 50s and 60s, who attend regularly.
- HPV vaccination in schools was introduced into the national immunisation programme in 2008, for girls aged 12-13.
The latest statistics available for cervical cancer in the UK are; incidence 2011, mortality 2012 and survival 2010-2011.
Survival statistics give an overall picture of survival and (unless otherwise stated) include all adults (15-99) diagnosed, at all ages,
Survival by stage is not yet routinely available for the UK due to inconsistencies in the collecting and recording of staging data in the past. Survival by stage is available for the former Anglia Cancer Network in the east of England, however. The former Anglia Cancer Network covers around 5% of the population of England and may not be representative of the country as a whole due to differences in underlying demographic factors (such as age, deprivation or ethnicity), as well as variation in local healthcare provision standards and policies.
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