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Laryngeal (larynx) cancer survival statistics

One-, five- and ten-year survival statistics for male laryngeal cancer by age and trends over time are presented here. There are also data by stage at diagnosis.

Find out more about the counting and coding of this data.

 

One-, five- and ten-year survival

86% of men survive laryngeal cancer for at least one year, and this is predicted to fall to 70% surviving for five years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with laryngeal cancer during 2010-2011 in England and Wales (Table 3.1).1

Table 3.1: Laryngeal Cancer (C32), Age-Standardised One-, Five- and Ten-Year Net Survival, Men (Aged 15-99), England and Wales, 2010-2011

1-Year Survival (%) 5-Year Survival (%) 10-Year Survival (%)
Men Net Survival 85.7 69.8 62.0
95% LCL 85.7 69.7 61.6
95% UCL 85.7 69.9 62.4

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95% LCL and 95% UCL are the 95% lower and upper confidence limits
Five- and ten-year survival is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model

Male laryngeal cancer survival continues to fall beyond five years after diagnosis. 62% of men are predicted to survive their disease for ten years or more, as shown by age-standardised net survival for patients diagnosed with laryngeal cancer during 2010-2011 in England and Wales (Figure 3.1).1 Out of 20 common cancers in England and Wales, ten-year survival for laryngeal cancer in men ranks 9th highest overall (and 6th highest for males only).

Figure 3.1: Laryngeal Cancer (C32), Net Survival up to Ten Years after Diagnosis, Men (Aged 15-99), England and Wales, 2010-2011

surv_curve_larynx.swf

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Survival for male laryngeal cancer is reported in Scotland and Northern Ireland,2,3 though it is difficult to make survival comparisons between countries due to different methodologies and criteria for including patients in analyses.

section reviewed 03/12/14
section updated 03/12/14

 

By age

Five-year survival for male laryngeal cancer is highest in the youngest men and decreases with increasing age. Five-year net survival in men ranges from 76% in 15-49 year olds to 56% in 80-99 year olds for patients diagnosed with laryngeal cancer in England during 2007-2011 (Figure 3.2).4

Figure 3.2: Laryngeal Cancer (C32), Five-Year Net Survival by Age, Men, England, 2007-2011

surv_5yr_age_larynx.swf

Download this chart XLS (44KB) PPT (125KB) PDF (39KB)

section reviewed 03/12/14
section updated 03/12/14

 

Trends over time

As with most cancers, survival for male laryngeal cancer is improving. One-year age-standardised net survival for laryngeal cancer in men has increased from 77% during 1971-1972 to 86% during 2010-2011 in England and Wales – an absolute survival difference of 9 percentage points (Figure 3.3).1

Figure 3.3: Laryngeal Cancer (C32), Age-Standardised One-Year Net Survival, Men (Aged 15-99), England and Wales, 1971-2011

surv_1yr_larynx.swf

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Five-year age-standardised net survival for laryngeal cancer in men has increased from 56% during 1971-1972 to a predicted survival of 70% during 2010-2011 in England and Wales – an absolute survival difference of 14 percentage points (Figure 3.4).1

Figure 3.4: Laryngeal Cancer (C32), Age-Standardised Five-Year Net Survival, Men (Aged 15-99), England and Wales, 1971-2011

surv_5yr_larynx.swf

Download this chart XLS (45KB) PPT (126KB) PDF (44KB)

Five-year survival for 2010-2011 is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model

Ten-year survival has followed the same trend as one- and five-year survival since the early 1970s. Ten-year age-standardised net survival for laryngeal cancer in men has increased from 49% during 1971-1972 to a predicted survival of 62% during 2010-2011 in England and Wales – an absolute survival difference of 13 percentage points (Figure 3.5).1 Overall, more than 6 in 10 men diagnosed with laryngeal cancer today are predicted to survive their disease for at least ten years.

Figure 3.5: Laryngeal Cancer (C32), Age-Standardised Ten-Year Net Survival, Men (Aged 15-99), England and Wales, 1971-2011

surv_10yr_larynx.swf

Download this chart XLS (45KB) PPT (125KB) PDF (44KB)

Ten-year survival for 2005-2006 and 2010-2011 is predicted using an excess hazard statistical model

section reviewed 03/12/14
section updated 03/12/14

By stage at diagnosis

Survival for laryngeal cancer is related to stage of the disease at diagnosis. Patients are equally likely to be diagnosed at either an early or an advanced stage.

One-year relative survival for laryngeal cancer (larynx and accessory sinuses [C31-C32]) is highest for patients presenting at Stage I, with 100% of patients surviving their disease for at least one year for patients diagnosed during 2006-2010 in the former Anglia Cancer Network (Figure 3.6).5 One-year survival is lowest for those diagnosed with Stage IV disease (65%).

Figure 3.6 Larynx and Accessory Sinus Cancer (C31-C32), One-Year Relative Survival by Stage, Adults (Aged 15-99 Years), Former Anglia Cancer Network, 2006-2010

surv_1yr_stage_a_larynx.swf

Download this chart XLS (47KB) PPT (128KB) PDF (48KB)

Relative survival can be greater than 100% because it accounts for background mortality and means that people diagnosed have a better chance of surviving after diagnosis than the general population.

Five-year relative survival for laryngeal cancer ranges from 91% at Stage I to 42% at Stage IV for patients diagnosed during 2002-2006 in the former Anglia Cancer Network (Figure 3.7).5

Figure 3.7 Larynx and Accessory Sinus Cancer (C31-C32), Five-Year Relative Survival by Stage, Adults (Aged 15-99 Years), Former Anglia Cancer Network, 2002-2006

surv_5yr_stage_a_larynx.swf

Download this chart XLS (46KB) PPT (128KB) PDF (48KB)

section reviewed 03/12/14
section updated 03/12/14

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References for laryngeal cancer survival

  1. Cancer Research UK Cancer Survival Group, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. Personal communication, 2014.
  2. ISD Scotland. Trends in Cancer Survival 1983-2007.
  3. Northern Ireland Cancer Registry. Incidence & Survival 1993-2012.
  4. Office for National Statistics. Statistical Bulletin: Cancer survival in England: Patients diagnosed 2007-2011 and followed up to 2012. Newport: ONS; 2013.
  5. The National Cancer Registration Service, Eastern Office. Personal communication.
Updated: 3 December 2014