Cancer Research UK on Google+ Cancer Research UK on Facebook Cancer Research UK on Twitter

Risk factors in localised prostate cancer

Men and women discussing prostate cancer

This page tells you about risk groups for localised prostate cancer. There is information about

 

A quick guide to what's on this page

Risk factors in localised prostate cancer

Localised prostate cancer is prostate cancer that is only in the prostate gland and has not spread to another part of the body. Doctors divide these cancers into risk groups. 

Low risk prostate cancers are unlikely to grow or spread for many years. 

Medium risk cancers are unlikely to grow or spread for a few years. 

High risk cancers may grow or spread within a few years. 

Doctors use the risk group you fall into to help them decide which treatments may be best for you.

 

CR PDF Icon You can view and print the quick guides for all the pages in the Treating prostate cancer section.

 

 

Risk groups for localised prostate cancer

Localised prostate cancer is prostate cancer that is only in the prostate gland and has not spread to another part of the body. Doctors divide these cancers into risk groups. 

Low risk prostate cancers are unlikely to grow or spread for many years. 

Medium (intermediate) risk cancers are unlikely to grow or spread for a few years. 

High risk cancers may grow or spread within a few years. 

Doctors use the risk group you fall into to help them decide which treatments may be best for you.

 

Low risk

Localised prostate cancer is classified as low risk if

 

Intermediate risk

Localised prostate cancer is classed as intermediate risk if you have at least one of the following

  • Your PSA level is between 10 and 20 ng/ml
  • Your Gleason score is 7
  • The T stage is T2b
 

High risk

Localised prostate cancer is classed as high risk if you have at least one of the following

  • Your PSA level is more than 20 ng/ml
  • Your Gleason score is between 8 and 10
  • The T stage is T2c, T3 or T4

If the cancer is T3 or T4 stage, this means it has broken through the outer fibrous covering (capsule) of the prostate gland, and so it is classed as locally advanced prostate cancer.

 

More information about prostate cancer treatments

The level of risk of a prostate cancer growing or spreading will affect the type of treatment that is appropriate. We have detailed information about the treatments for prostate cancer and their possible side effects. You can also phone the Cancer Research UK nurses on freephone 0808 800 4040, from 9am to 5pm, Monday to Friday. They will be happy to answer any questions. 

Our prostate cancer organisations page gives details of other people who can give information about prostate cancer treatments. Some organisations can put you in touch with a cancer support group.

Our prostate cancer reading list has information about books, leaflets and other resources discussing treatments.

If you want to find people to share experiences with online, you could use Cancer Chat, our online forum.

Rate this page:
Submit rating

 

Rated 4 out of 5 based on 25 votes
Rate this page
Rate this page for no comments box
Please enter feedback to continue submitting
Send feedback
Question about cancer? Contact our information nurse team

No Error

Updated: 20 February 2014