Cancer Research UK on Google+ Cancer Research UK on Facebook Cancer Research UK on Twitter
 

What Ayurvedic medicine is

Ayurveda is an Indian word – ayur means life and veda means knowledge. Ayurvedic medicine is an ancient Indian system of medicine which began about 5,000 years ago. It is not just one treatment. It is a way of diagnosing illness and using a wide range of treatments and techniques. There is no scientific evidence to prove that Ayurvedic medicine can treat or cure cancer or any other disease. 

Ayurvedic medicine can include

Depending on your particular health problems, an Ayurvedic therapist may suggest any or all of these treatments.

Some therapists also recommend cleansing of the bowel (intestines) by putting liquid into the back passage (enemas). They may suggest taking medicines that make the bowel work more quickly (laxatives). These practices are supposed to get rid of toxins. Other ways of cleansing and detoxifying include forced vomiting and blood letting (drawing blood from the body). These methods can be very harmful and most therapists don’t use them.

Some Ayurvedic methods, such as yoga, massage and relaxation, are generally helpful to people with cancer. But others, such as some herbal treatments, certain diets and cleansing the bowel can be harmful. You should be very cautious when using them and always check with your doctor first because they can have some serious side effects. You should also contact your doctor for a check up if an Ayurvedic therapist diagnoses you with any new medical condition.

 

How Ayurvedic medicine is thought to work

The main idea behind Ayurvedic medicine is that all health problems happen because your mind, body and spirit are out of balance. Therapists aim to bring balance and harmony back into your body, which they think prevents or cures disease. They claim that certain combinations of Ayurvedic medicine will help to

  • Increase your energy and wellbeing
  • Balance your mind, body and spirit
  • Decrease stress
  • Possibly prevent and cure disease

Ayurvedic therapists think we are all made up of 3 elements known as doshas. These are

  • Air and space (vata dosha), which allows movement
  • Fire and water (pitta dosha), which allows change or transformation and is responsible for digestion and metabolism
  • Water and earth (kapha dosha), which gives structure or cohesion

These 3 doshas allow all the organs of the body to work together in harmony. They also create your relationship with the environment and universe (cosmos). Therapists believe we usually have strong features of one dosha, but the others also influence us. Our health is directly dependent on the correct balance of all 3.

 

People with cancer using ayurvedic medicine

People with cancer often use touch therapies such as massage and aromatherapy. Many people say these therapies help them to cope better with cancer and its treatment. Research is looking into whether some herbs or plant treatments used in Ayurvedic medicine could help to prevent or treat cancer.

But we don't know much about some of the treatments that are part of Ayurvedic medicine, such as special diets and herbal remedies. These treatments could be harmful to your health or interfere with your conventional treatment.

Always check with your doctor before you start using any type of complementary or alternative treatment. It is also very important to find out all you can about any therapy before deciding to use it. Look in our complementary therapy section for more information about why you should tell your doctor if you are using any type of therapy.

 

Research into Ayurvedic medicine

Research has looked into 

Ayurvedic medicine for cancer symptoms

Ayurvedic medicine involves the use of several types of therapies and people use it for many different types of illness. Some of these therapies, such as massage, may lower stress and help you to relax. Research has found that some aspects of Ayurvedic medicine can help to relieve cancer related symptoms and improve quality of life. Meditation can reduce anxiety, lower blood pressure, and boost general wellbeing. Recent studies have shown that yoga helps to improve sleep patterns in lymphoma patients and also reduces symptoms of stress in people with breast cancer or prostate cancer.

Ayurvedic medicine to treat cancer

More than 200 herbs and plants are used in Ayurvedic medicine. Some early laboratory and animal research suggests that compounds taken from traditional Ayurvedic medicines may be able to slow the growth of cancer in animals. Although this early research looks promising, there is no evidence that Ayurvedic herbal medicines can prevent, treat or cure cancer in humans. We won't really know whether Ayurvedic medicine is helpful in treating cancer until large randomised clinical trials have been carried out.

Compounds looked at so far include

Withaferin A

In America in 2011 researchers took a compound called Withaferin A (WA) from the Ayurvedic medicinal plant Withania somnifera. They found that in the laboratory Withaferin A stopped the growth of some types of breast cancer cells. It also stopped the growth of breast cancer in mice. Several other studies support these findings.

Sanjeevani

An Indian study in 2011 looked at selaginella bryopteris, a traditional Indian herb referred to as Sanjeevani. It found that compounds taken from the herb stopped the growth of cancer cells in the laboratory. The compound also reduced the development of skin tumours in mice.

Indian frankincense

A US research study also in 2011 looked at acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid (AKBA) taken from the gum resin of the boswellia serrata known as salai guggal or Indian frankincense. Traditionally, this substance has been used in Ayurvedic medicine to treat inflammatory conditions. The researchers found that AKBA slowed the growth of bowel cancers in mice and made the cancer less likely to spread.

Mangosteen

The mangosteen fruit has a long history of medicinal use in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicine. Recently, the compound alpha mangostin taken from the outside layer of the fruit was shown to kill various types of cancer cells in laboratory studies. This led Japanese researchers to test alpha mangostin in mice. The substance slowed the growth of breast cancer in mice and it was much less likely to spread to the lymph nodes.

Pomegranate

Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is seen as a sacred fruit in some world religions. Many cultures and systems of medicine, including Ayurvedic medicine, have used it for various health problems. Early research in the laboratory seems to show that pomegranate extracts may have anti cancer properties against prostate, bowel and liver cancer. But there are no studies so far looking at the use of pomegranate in humans.

MAK-4 and MAK-5

Some laboratory studies have looked at Ayurvedic herbal remedies called MAK-4 and MAK-5. The remedies seemed to show some activity in controlling tumours in rats and cancer cells in lab dishes. But there have been no studies in humans.

 

What Ayurvedic medicine involves

To decide on a plan of treatment your practitioner will take your medical history and assess your doshas. To do this they examine your tongue, lips, and nails. They look inside your eyes, ears, nostrils and mouth. They may also examine your back passage (rectum) and genital area. They listen to your lungs and heart, and take your pulse. 

The practitioner will also take into account your emotions, your relationships with other people and even the season and time of the day. They hope to be able to balance all these factors in your life and restore or maintain your health and well being. They will then discuss which treatments will help you most.

Your relationship with your practitioner is very important. They are responsible for creating a safe setting in which you can both work together and decide on your treatment. If you don’t feel comfortable with anything that your practitioner is doing it is important that you try and discuss this with them. Look in our complementary therapy section for information about dealing with difficulties with your practitioner.

 

Possible side effects of Ayurvedic medicine

Depending on which treatments you use, you may have some side effects. Some herbal medicines are safe, but not all. There is very little published information on the herbal remedies used by Ayurvedic therapists, so always let your doctor know before taking any of them. Some common herbs may have dangerous side effects if you take them with cancer treatments. Some Ayurvedic remedies contain harmful heavy metals such as lead or zinc. There is information about the safety of herbal products during cancer treatment in our section about complementary and alternative therapies.

Following certain diets when you have cancer is not always safe either. So be sure to ask your doctor before starting on any diet. Look in our complementary therapy section for information about the safety of alternative diets.

Yoga, relaxation techniques and massage are generally fairly safe. Unless you have problems with your muscles and bones, most doctors would not worry about their patients using these therapies alongside their conventional treatments.

Some methods of ayurvedic medicine can be very harmful. Blood letting can be dangerous for anyone, and especially for people who are ill. Because of their disease or treatment, many people with cancer already have low blood counts. Low blood cell counts can cause tiredness (fatigue), breathlessness and other symptoms. Removing blood will make these symptoms worse.

Forced vomiting is unhealthy and can upset the levels of salt and minerals in your body. Taking regular enemas and medicines to clear your bowel is known to cause side effects. Some can be serious and potentially fatal. Side effects include

  • Infections
  • Constipation
  • Inflammation of the bowel
  • Salt and other mineral imbalances in the body

You should never use enemas or laxatives to clear your bowel if you have abdominal pain, vomiting or feel sick. Always ask your doctor first.

We advise anyone with cancer not to rely totally on Ayurvedic medicine and not to avoid conventional medical treatment.

 

Safety of Ayurvedic medicines

Most Ayurvedic medicines are made up of a combination of herbs. Some herbal medicines may interact with treatments from your doctor, including chemotherapy, radiotherapy, biological therapy or hormone therapy. Some herbal treatments may affect the way cancer drugs are broken down by your body or the way drugs are carried around your body. Always check with your doctor before taking any type of herb or medicine.

There are some concerns about the toxicity of some Ayurvedic medicines. There has been no research to thoroughly test many of these medications. In 2004, a study published in America found that 14 out of 70 Ayurvedic remedies bought over the counter contained levels of heavy metals such as mercury, lead and arsenic that could be harmful. All the remedies were made in South Asia. The amount of the active ingredient may also vary between products. 

In the UK, the Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) regulates the registration of herbal products. You can find information on its website about  

  • The safety of herbal medicines including what you need to know as a consumer
  • Herbal safety news, which has advice and guidance about taking specific herbs
  • Ayurvedic medicines that may contain heavy metals (type 'Ayurvedic medicines' into the search box to find the list)

Companies making herbal products bought over the counter in health food shops and pharmacies have to meet quality standards. They also need to provide information about their product, including the exact content and dose of the product and how safe it is. It is important to use only herbal products that are registered under the Traditional Herbal Remedies (THR) scheme. Remedies that are registered under the scheme have a THR mark and symbol on the packaging. THR products have been tested for quality and safety.

The Medicines and Healthcare regulatory Agency (MHRA) states that there is a big variation in how unlicensed traditional Chinese or Ayurvedic medicines are made. Some have been found to contain illegal substances and toxic herbs. These substances may not be listed on the packaging of the product. The amount of the active ingredient can also vary widely between products.

It is safest to buy plant remedies from a fully qualified herbal practitioner who is trained to work out which herbal medicines are appropriate for you. They can also trace where their herbs and plants come from. Lower down this page is information about finding a herbal therapy practitioner. You can also read our information about safety of herbal medicines in the complementary therapies section.

 

The cost of Ayurvedic medicine

The cost varies depending on the treatments you have. The first consultation can cost anything between £25 and £65. Follow up appointments usually cost less. Some Ayurvedic clinics encourage overnight or longer stays for intensive detoxification treatments. These can be very expensive.

It is important to bear in mind that people with cancer can be vulnerable. It is understandable that patients or relatives will try anything if they think it might work. But there is no evidence that Ayurvedic medicine can cure or control a cancer. Some alternative therapies are just money making businesses targeting people who are ill and very vulnerable. We recommend that you

 

Finding an Ayurvedic therapist or practitioner

If you decide to use Ayurvedic medicine, it is vital that the person who treats you is properly trained and qualified to treat you. There are several places that people can train to become Ayurveda therapists, and there are different levels of training. Many therapists go to India to study as there are more than 180 training schools there for Ayurveda. Some of the training in India can take up to 5 years to complete. 

Some therapists train in a certain treatment that is part of the Ayurvedic medicine system such as massage or meditation but not in others such as herbal treatments. There is no single professional organisation that regulates Ayurvedic medicine in the UK. Therapists can join several associations. But there is no law to say that they have to. Therapists do not have to finish any specific training.

Before you choose an Ayurvedic therapist or practitioner you should contact the Ayurvedic Practitioners Association or one of the complementary and alternative therapy organisations.

You can ask the therapist 

  • How many years of training they've had
  • How long they've worked as a therapist
  • Whether they have treated people with cancer before
  • If they have indemnity insurance (in case of negligence)

It may help to look in our complementary therapies section for information about how to go about finding a reliable therapist and the questions you should ask.

 

Ayurvedic organisations in the UK

Ayurvedic Practitioners Association
23 Green Ridge
Brighton
BN1 5LT

Email: info@apa.uk.com
Telephone: +44 (0)1273 500 492
Website: apa.uk.com

The Association website has information about Ayurvedic medicine and the difference between practitioners and therapists. It regulates and maintains a list of Ayurvedic Practitioners and Therapists. All therapists have professional indemnity insurance and abide by the APA Code of Ethics and Professional Conduct.

 

More information about Ayurvedic medicine

You can find detailed information about Ayurvedic medicine on the American National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine website and the American Cancer Society website.

Rate this page:
Submit rating

 

Rated 4 out of 5 based on 21 votes
Rate this page
Rate this page for no comments box
Please enter feedback to continue submitting
Send feedback
Question about cancer? Contact our information nurse team

No Error

Updated: 29 January 2013