Glossary | Cancer Research UK
Cancer Research UK on Google+ Cancer Research UK on Facebook Cancer Research UK on Twitter
Skip navigation


View glossary terms beginning with ...

  1. A
  2. B
  3. C
  4. D
  5. E
  6. F
  7. G
  8. H
  9. I
  10. J
  11. K
  12. L
  13. M
  14. N
  15. O
  16. P
  17. Q
  18. R
  19. S
  20. T
  21. U
  22. V
  23. W
  24. X
  25. Y
  26. Z
  27. [0-9]
  1. Sa
  2. Sb
  3. Sc
  4. Sd
  5. Se
  6. Sf
  7. Sg
  8. Sh
  9. Si
  10. Sj
  11. Sk
  12. Sl
  13. Sm
  14. Sn
  15. So
  16. Sp
  17. Sq
  18. Sr
  19. Ss
  20. St
  21. Su
  22. Sv
  23. Sw
  24. Sx
  25. Sy
  26. Sz
  27. S0-9

List of terms beginning with Sa


Saline is a solution of salt in water.


Saliva is spit. It is made by the salivary glands. Saliva keeps the mouth healthy and moist. It contains an enzyme which begins to digest food before it reaches the stomach.


Sarcoidosis is an illness that occurs in people with low immunity. It leads to tiny lumps (called granulomas) developing in and on your body. Acute sarcoidosis is also called Lofgren's syndrome and can flare up quickly. It causes enlarged lymph glands in the chest, large and very tender purple lumps on the shins, fevers, weakness and joint pains. In most cases it goes away without treatment. Chronic sarcoidosis causes scarring (fibrosis) of the lungs that gets worse over time. It can also cause very bad skin rashes and can affect other body organs including the heart and brain.


Sarcoma is cancer that has developed from cells of the body's connective tissues. Muscle, bone, nerves, blood vessels, fat and fibrous tissues are all connective tissues.

Saturated fat

Saturated fat is a type of fat found in meat and dairy products. Too much fat in the diet has been linked to an increased risk of some cancers due to an associated obesity. There is no direct proven link between animal fat and cancer. But a high meat intake has been linked to an increased risk of digestive system cancers.

Updated: 29 June 2016