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Glossary

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List of terms beginning with Fa

FAMTX

A chemotherapy combination of 3 drugs – doxorubicin (adriamycin), methotrexate and fluorouracil.

FAP

FAP stands for familial adenomatous polyposis. It is a rare disease that causes lots of benign polyps (small growths that are not cancerous) to grow in the bowel. It is caused by a faulty inherited gene. People with FAP have an increased risk of getting bowel cancer.

Faecal incontinence

Not being able to control passing a bowel motion.

Faecal occult blood test

A test that can pick up tiny traces of blood in the faeces (stool, bowel motion). It is also called a stool test or FOB test. It is not completely reliable because some foods and drinks can cause a false positive result. It may also sometimes give a negative result when there is actually a cancer present. It is used as part of the UK national bowel screening programme.

Faeces

Faeces means waste matter from digested food that is passed out of the bowel through the rectum (back passage). It is also called bowel motions or stools or poo.

Fallopian tubes

Tubes that connect the ovaries to the womb. They carry the egg released from one of the ovaries each month to the womb. Cancer of the fallopian tube is very rare.

False negative

In screening, this means a negative test for a disease when a person has the disease. A potential screening test that produces too many false negative results cannot be widely used.

False positive

In screening, this means a positive test for a disease when the person doesn’t have the disease. This means that the person has to have further tests that they don’t need. The tests may cause side effects. A potential screening test that produces too many false positive results cannot be widely used.

Familial

A familial condition runs in the family. This is different to an inherited condition, which is one that is definitely passed on by a particular gene. A familial condition shows up more often in a particular family, but not everyone gets it and there is no known single inherited gene.

Familial adenomatous polyposis

A rare disease that causes lots of benign polyps (small growths that are not cancerous) to grow in the bowel. It is caused by a faulty inherited gene. People with FAP have an increased risk of getting bowel cancer.

Familial ovarian cancer registry

A register of families that have several cases of ovarian cancer. Researchers use this information to look into heredity and ovarian cancer.

Family history

A record of the health issues in relatives to see whether any diseases run in the family.

Fanconi anaemia

A genetic disorder that can affect children and adults from any ethnic background. It is named after the Swiss doctor who originally described it and is also called Fanconi's syndrome. People with Fanconi anaemia are short, have bone changes, and are at risk of developing cancers, leukaemia, and bone marrow failure (aplastic anemia). They are also more sensitive to some types of chemotherapy.

Fatigue

An extreme feeling of tiredness and lack of energy.

Updated: 29 June 2016