Where this vulval cancer information comes from | Cancer Research UK
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Where this vulval cancer information comes from

Women discussing vulval cancer

On this page are the major sources of information that we use to put together this section of our website. 


About this page

All our information is checked by cancer specialists and surgeons who specialise in treating cancer. The names of our specialist reviewers are at the end of this list. We also try to find patients to review all our sections. If you have had vulval cancer, live in the UK and would like to become a patient reviewer, you can write to us by clicking on contact us.



Cancer Research UK
CancerStats Series

US National Cancer Institute
Information on the treatment of vulval cancer



Principles and practice of oncology (10th edition)
De Vita, VT, Hellman S and Rosenberg SA
Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2015

Cancer and its management (7th edition)
Souhami, R and Hochhauser, D
Wiley Blackwell 2015


UK guidelines

Referral for suspected cancer. A clinical practice guideline
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), June 2015
Link to the referral guidelines on the NICE website

Guidelines for the Diagnosis and management of Vulval Carcinoma
British Gynaecological Cancer Society and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists, May 2014
Link to guidelines 

2014 UK National Guideline on the Management of Vulval Conditions
British Association for Sexual Health and HIV, february 2014
Link to paper


Articles and reviews

Medical and surgical interventions for the treatment of usual-type vulval intraepithelial neoplasia. Lawrie TA, Nordin, A,  Chakrabarti M, Bryant A, Kaushik S and Pepas L. Cochrane review (2016). The Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews 2016, Issue 1, Art. No: CD011837. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011837.pub2.

Medical interventions for high-grade vulval intraepithelial neoplasia. pepas L, Kaushik S, Nordin A, Byrant A, Lawrie T. Cochrane review (2015). The Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews 2015, Issue8. Art. No.: CD007924. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007924.pub3.

Sentinel node assessment for diagnosis of groin lymph node involvement in vulval cancer. Lawrie TA, Patel A, Martin-Hirsch PPL, Byrant A, Ratnavelu NDG, Naik R and Ralte A. Cochrane review (2014). The Cochrane Database of Systemic Reviews  2014, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD010409. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010409.pub2.

Cancer of the vulva; FIGO cancer report 2012 Hacker N F, Eifel P J and Van der velden J. International Journal of Gynaecoly and Obstetrics 119S2 (2012) S90-S96

Primary groin irradiation vs primary groin surgery for early vulvar cancer. Van der Velden, J and Ansink, A. Cochrane Review. (2001) The Cochrane Library, issue 5, 2011. Chichester, UK: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.


Specialist reviewers

Professor Alison Fiander, BM, MRCOG, MSc, DM, Consultant Gynaecologist
Dr Amanda Tristram, MBChB,MRCOG, MD, Consultant Gynaecologist
Dr Louise Hanna, MRCP, FRCR, Consultant Clinical Oncologist
Carol Jones, VACO, (patient reviewer)



Dee McLean, McDee Art, Medical Illustration

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Updated: 13 December 2013