Where this information about cancer of unknown primary cancer comes from | Cancer Research UK
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Where this information about cancer of unknown primary cancer comes from

Men and woman discussing unknown primary cancer

On this page are the major sources of information that we use to put together this section.


About this page

All our information is checked by cancer specialists and surgeons who specialise in treating cancer. The names of our specialist reviewers are at the end of this list. We also try to find patients to review all our sections. If you have had unknown primary cancer, live in the UK and would like to become a patient reviewer, you can write to us by clicking on contact us.



Cancer Research UK
CancerStats Series

US National Cancer Institute
Information on the treatment of unknown primary cancer



Principles and practice of oncology (9th edition)
De Vita, V.T., Hellman, S. and Rosenberg S.A.
Lippincott, Wiliams and Wilkins, 2011

Cancer and its management (6th edition)
Tobias J and Hochhauser D
Blackwell, 2010


UK Guidelines

Metastatic malignant disease of unknown primary origin
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), July 2010

Completed Technology Appraisals Clinical Guidelines Referral Guidelines for Suspected Cancer
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), June 2005


Articles and reviews

Cancer of Unknown Primary Site. Edited by F. Anthony Greco, John D. Hainsworth. 
Seminars in Oncology, Volume 36, Issue 1 Pages 1-80 (February 2009)

Cancers of Unknown Primary Site: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for Diagnosis, Treatment and Follow-up. K. Fizazi et al, Annals of Oncology, Volume 22, (Supplement 6) Pages 64-68, 2011.

Cancer of Unknown Primary Site. Nicholas Pavlidis & George Pentheroudakis, The Lancet (published online March 2012)

Risk factors for cancers of unknown primary site: Results from the prospective EPIC cohort. R. Kaaks et al, International Journal of Cancer, March 2014.


Specialist reviewers

Professor R J Grieve, Professor of Oncology – MB CHB FRCP FRCR
Dr Andrew Fowell, Consultant in Palliative Medicine – MB ChB, Dip Pall Med, DRCOG, MRCGP, FRCP



Dee McLean - McDee Art, Medical Illustration

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Updated: 4 August 2014