Where this prostate cancer information comes from | Cancer Research UK
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Where this prostate cancer information comes from

Men and women discussing prostate cancer

This page tells you about the major sources of information that we use to put together this section.


About Cancer Research UK's patient information

All our information is checked by cancer specialists and surgeons who specialise in treating cancer. The names of our specialist reviewers are at the end of this list. We also try to find patients to review all our sections. If you have had prostate cancer, live in the UK, and would like to become a patient reviewer, you can write to us by clicking on contact us.



Cancer Research UK
CancerStats Series

US National Cancer Institute
Information on the treatment of prostate cancer
Link to prostate cancer section of NCI website



Principles and practice of oncology (9th edition)
VT De Vita, S Hellman, and SA Rosenberg
Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2011

Cancer and its management (6th edition)
J Tobias and D Hochhauser 
Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2010

Perez and Brady’s Principles and practice of radiation oncology (6th edition)
EC Halperin, DE Wazer, CA Perez and LW Brady
Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2013

TNM Classification of Malignant Tumours (7th edition)
International Union Against Cancer
L.H. Sobin, M.K. Gospodarowicz, Ch. Wittekind
John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, New Jersey, 2009

AJCC Cancer Staging Manual (7th edition)
American Joint Committee on Cancer
Springer, 2010


UK and international guidelines

Prostate cancer guidelines for diagnosis and treatment
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), January 2014 
Link to the NICE website

MDT (multi-disciplinary team) guidance for managing prostate cancer
British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS), September 2013
LINK to the BAUS website

Guidelines on prostate cancer
European Association of Urology, 2013
Link to the European Association of Urology guidelines

Guidelines for pain management
European Association of Oncology, 2010
Link to the EAO guidelines

Guidelines on the management of metastatic prostate cancer
British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS), June 2005
Link to the BAUS website

Referral Guidelines for Suspected Cancer
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), June 2015
Link to the NICE referral guidelines.

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Appraisals

  • Focal therapy using high-intensity focused ultrasound for localised prostate cancer, 2012
  • Prostate cancer (metastatic, castration resistant) – abiraterone (following cytoxic therapy), June 2012
  • Cabazitaxel for the second line treatment of hormone refractory, metastatic prostate cancer, May 2012
  • Management of lower urinary tract symptoms in men, May 2010
  • Trans perineal template biopsy of the prostate, October 2010
  • Cryotherapy as primary treatment for prostate cancer, November 2005 – revised 2008
  • High dose rate brachytherapy in combination with external beam radiotherapy for localised prostate cancer, May 2006
  • Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy, November 2006
  • Docetaxel for the treatment of hormone refractory metastatic prostate cancer, June 2006
  • Cryotherapy for recurrent prostate cancer, May 2005
  • Low dose rate brachytherapy for prostate cancer, July 2005 

Link to the NICE website

Scottish Medicines Consortium (SMC)

  • Abiraterone in combination with prednisolone for advanced hormone refractory prostate cancer for men who have had docetaxel based chemotherapy, Feb 2012, SMC No.764/12
  • Cabazitaxel in combination with prednisolone for advanced hormone refractory prostate cancer, Nov 2011, SMC 735/11
  • Denosumab for bone loss in men at risk of fractures who are taking hormone therapy for prostate cancer
  • Degarelix for advanced hormone dependent prostate cancer, December 2010, SMC 560/09

Link to the SMC website

All Wales Medicines Strategy Group (AWMSG)

  • Abiraterone for advanced prostate cancer which is growing after, or during, docetaxel chemotherapy, Feb 2012, Advice No: 6012
  • Degarelix for advanced hormone-dependent prostate cancer, November 2012, Advice No: 4112

Link to the AWMSG website


Articles and reviews

Radical Prostatectomy versus Observation for Localized Prostate Cancer. TJ. Wilt and others (2012). New England Journal of Medicine. vol. 367 no. 3. p203–213.

Low-dose rate brachytherapy for men with localized prostate cancer. Peinemann F, Grouven U, Hemkens LG, Bartel C, Borchers H, Pinkawa M, Heidenreich A, Sauerland S.  Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 7. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Current management of castrate-resistant prostate cancer. SJ Hote and F Saad. Current Oncology 2010 September: Supplement 2): S72–79.

A systematic review of the effectiveness of docetaxel and mitoxantrone for the treatment of metastatic hormone refractory prostate cancer. Collins, R., Trowman, R., Norman, G., Light, K., Birtle, A., Fenwick, E., Palmer, S. and Riemsma, R. (2006). British Journal of Cancer, 95, 457-462.


Specialist reviewers

Dr John Graham – Consultant Oncologist
Mr Prashant Patel  – Senior Lecturer in Urology & Hon Consultant Urological Surgeon
Mr Peter Cooke – Consultant Urological Surgeon
Prof J Waxman – Professor of Oncology



Dee McLean – MeDee Art, Medical Illustration

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Updated: 26 February 2014