Where this penile cancer information comes from | Cancer Research UK
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Where this penile cancer information comes from

Men and women discussing penile cancer

Read about the major sources of information that we use to put together this section of the website.


About this page

All our information is checked by cancer specialists and surgeons who specialise in treating cancer. The names of our specialist reviewers are at the end of this list. 

We also try to find patients to review all our sections. If you have had penile cancer, live in the UK and would like to become a patient reviewer, you can write to us by clicking on contact us.



Cancer Research UK
CancerStats Series

US National Cancer Institute
Information on the treatment of penile cancers



Principles and practice of oncology (10th edition)
VT De Vita, TS Lawrence, and SA Rosenberg.
Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2015

TNM (Tumour Node Metastases) Classification
Union International Contre le Cancer (UICC), 2009

AJCC Cancer Staging Handbook (7th Edition)
American Joint Committee on Cancer 
Springer, 2010

Cancer and its management (7th edition)
J Tobias and D Hochhauser
Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2015


UK and international guidelines

Referral for suspected cancer. A clinical practice guideline
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), June 2015
Link to the referral guidelines on the NICE website

Clinical Guidelines: Improving Outcomes in Urological Cancers - Manual Update
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), Sept 2002
Link to the urological cancer guidelines on the NICE website

EAU Penile Cancer Guidelines 2015
Hakenberg O.W. et al (European Association of Urology) (EUA)


Articles and reviews

Surgical management for localised penile cancer. M Imamura and others. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2015, Issue 3. 

Non-invasive and minimally invasive staging of regional lymph nodes in penile cancer. B Hughes and others. World Journal of Urology (2009) 27:197-203.

Penile preserving surgery and surgical strategies to maximise penile form and function in penile cancer: recommendations from the UK experience. PK Hegarty and others. World Journal of Urology (2009) 27:179-187.

Identifying the needs of penile cancer sufferers: A systematic review of the quality of life, psychosexual and psychosocial literature in penile cancer. SB Maddineni and others. BMC Urology (2009) 9:8.

Series of articles in Urology Journal 2010 August 76(2 Supplement 1) - 

Prognostic factors in penile cancer. Ficarra V. et al
Management of the lymph nodes in penile cancer. Heyns et al
New developments in the treatment of localized penile cancer. Solsona et al
Treatment of visceral, unresectable, or bulky/unresectable regional metastases of penile cancer Pettaway et al

Contemporary management of localized penile cancer. D Shapiro and others. Expert review of anticancer therapy. (2011) 11 (1): 29–36.

Lymphadenectomy in the surgical management of penile cancer. C Protzel and others. European Urology (2009) 55 (5): 1075–88.


Specialist reviewers

Dr Vincent Khoo, MBBS, MRCP
Ms Yuko Smith (Clinical research fellow)
Mr Nicholas Watkin, MA, MChir, FRCS (Urology)



Dee McLean – MeDee Art, Medical Illustration

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Updated: 11 April 2016