Where this cervical cancer information comes from | Cancer Research UK
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Where this cervical cancer information comes from

Women discussing cervical cancer

On this page are the major sources of information that we use to put together this section of our website.


About our information

All our information is checked by cancer specialists and surgeons who specialise in treating cancer. The names of our specialist reviewers are at the end of this list. We also try to find patients to review all our sections. If you have had cervical cancer, live in the UK and would like to become a patient reviewer, you can write to us by clicking on contact us.



Cancer Research UK
Cancer Statistics

National Cancer Institute (US) - cervical cancer information



Principles and practice of oncology (9th edition)
De Vita, V.T., Hellman, S. and Rosenberg S.A.
Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, 2011

Cancer and its management (6th edition)
Tobias J and Hochhauser D
Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2010


UK guidance

Improving outcomes in gynaecological cancer, Department of Health, 1999
Link to the gynaecological cancer guidelines.

Colposcopy and Programme Management: guidelines for the NHS Cervical Screening Programme. Luesley D and Leeson S (eds). (NHSCSP publication no. 20), NHSCSP, May 2010 (2nd edition)
Link to the colposcopy guidelines.

Referral for suspected cancer. A clinical practice guideline. NICE, June 2015
Link to the referral guidelines on the NICE website

Management of cervical cancer. Scottish Intercollegiate Guideline Network (SIGN), 2008
Link to the SIGN website

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Appraisals
Link to the NICE website

  • Topotecan for the treatment of recurrent carcinoma of the cervix, October 2009
  • Liquid based cytology for cervical screening, Oct 2003
  • High dose rate brachytherapy for cancer of the cervix, March 2006
  • Laparoscopic radical hysterectomy for early stage cervical cancer, May 2010

Articles and reviews

NHS Cervical Screening Programme Annual Review. NHS cancer screening programme, 2011.

NHS Cervical Screening Programme. England. 2010-2011. The NHS Information Centre, Screening and Immunisations Team, 2011

Cervical cancer:ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow up. Haie-Meder C, Morice P and Castiglione M. (2010) Annals of Oncology 21 (suppl 5): v37-40

Cervical cancer. Martin-Hirsch P and Wood N. (2011) Clinical Evidence. July 27;818

Fertility-sparing surgery for early cervical cancer - Approach to less radical surgery. Raju SK, Papadopoulos AJ, Montalto SA et al. (2012) International Journal of Gynecological Cancer. 22(2):311-317

Reducing uncertainties about the effects of chemoradiotherapy for cervical cancer:individual patient data meta-analysis (Review). Chemoradiotherapy for Cervical Cancer Meta-analysis Collaboration (CCCMAC). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 1. Art No: CD008285. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008285.

Benefit of cervical screening at different ages: evidence from the UK audit of screening histories. Sasieni P, Adams J and Cuzick J. (2003) British Journal of Cancer, 89, 88-93.

Interventions for preventing blood loss during the treatment of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Martin-Hirsch PL, Kitchener H. 1999. (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, issue 2, 2004. Chichester, UK: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.

Interventions for encouraging sexual lifestyles and behaviours intended to prevent cervical cancer.
Shepherd J, Weston R, Peersman G, Napuli IZ. 1999. (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, issue 2, 2004. Chichester, UK: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.

Cervical screening results explained: a guide for primary care. Austoker J, Bankhead C, Davey C. Cancer Research UK and NHS Cancer Screening Programme, 2003. www.cancerscreening.nhs.uk/cervical/publications/2003-csre.pdf

Concomitant chemotherapy and radiation therapy for cancer of the uterine cervix (Review). Green J, Kirwan J, Tierney J, Symonds P, Fresco L, Williams C, Collingwood M. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 3. Art. No: CD002225. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD002225.pub2.  

Collection devices for obtaining cervical cytology samples. Martin-Hirsch P, Jarvis G, Kitchener H, Lilford R, 1999. (Cochrane Review). In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 2, 2004. Chichester, UK: John Wiley and Sons, Ltd.

Obstetric outcomes after conservative treatment for intraepithelial or early invasive cervical lesions: systematic review and meta-analysis. Kyrgiou, M., Koliopoulos, G., Martin-Hirsch, P., Prendiville, W., and Paraskevaidis, E. (2006). Lancet; 367: 489-98.

Neoadjuvant  chemotherapy plus surgery versus surgery for cervical cancer (Review). Rydzewska L, Tierney J, Vale CL, Symonds PR. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 1. Art. No: CD007406. DOI: 10.1002/14651858. CD007406.pub2.


Specialist reviewers

Dr R Allerton MD, FRCR
Mr Simon Butler-Manuel, MBBS MD FRCS FRCOG
Mrs Caroline Chapman, Senior Brachytherapy Radiographer



Dee McLean - McDee Art, Medical Illustrations

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Updated: 10 June 2014