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Where this information about brain tumours comes from

Men and women discussing brain tumours

On this page are the major sources of information that we use to put together this section of the website.


About Cancer Research UK patient information

All our information is checked by cancer specialists and surgeons who specialise in treating cancer. The names of our specialist reviewers are at the end of this list. We also try to find patients to review all our sections. If you have had a brain tumour, live in the UK, and would like to become a patient reviewer, you can write to us by clicking on contact us.



Cancer Research UK
Cancer Stats series – Brain and other central nervous system tumours

National Cancer Institute US National Institute of Health
Brain tumour information section

Mobile Telecommunications and Health Research Programme (MTHR)
Link to MTHR website



Principles and practice of oncology (9th edition)
VT De Vita, S Hellman, and SA Rosenberg
Lippincott, Wiliams and Wilkins, 2011

Cancer and its management (6th edition)
J Tobias and D Hochhauser
Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2010


UK guidelines

Rare brain and CNS tumours guidelines in collaboration with the National Cancer Action Team, Guidelines on the diagnosis and management of primary CNS and intra-ocular lymphoma (PCNSL), British Neuro-Oncology Society/NCAT, June 2011.
Link to PDF of the BNOS/NCAT guidelines

Improving outcomes for people with brain and other CNS tumours
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, June 2006
Link to the NICE brain tumour guidelines

Improving outcomes in children and young people with cancer
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, August 2005
Link to the NICE guidelines

Referral Guidelines for Suspected Cancer
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, June 2005
Link to the NICE cancer referral guidelines

Long term follow up of survivors of childhood cancer
Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network, 2004
Link to the SIGN guidelines

National Institute for Health and Care Excellence Appraisals

  • Photodynamic therapy for brain tumours – March 2009
  • Carmustine implants and temozolomide for the treatment of newly diagnosed high-grade glioma – June 2007
  • Endoscopic transsphenoidal pituitary adenoma resection – December 2003
  • Temozolomide for recurrent glioma – April 2001

Articles and reviews

Primary brain tumours in adults. D Ricard and others. The Lancet. May 2012. 

Primary CNS lymphoma: a clinician's guide. N Schäfer and U Herrlinger. Expert Review Neurotherapy. Oct 2012.

Pathogenesis and management of primary CNS lymphoma. P Roth and others. Expert Review Anticancer Therapy. May 2012. 

Management of malignant gliomas and primary CNS lymphoma: standard of care and future directions. MR Rosenfeld and AA Pruitt. American Academy of Neurology. April 2012. 

Modern concepts in the biology, diagnosis, differential diagnosis and treatment of primary central nervous system lymphoma. M Deckert and others, Leukemia. Dec 2011.

Anti angiogenic agents in the treatment of recurrent or newly diagnosed glioblastoma: Analysis of single agent and combined modality approaches. K Beal, L Abrey, P Gutin. Radiation Oncology. 2011.

High grade malignant glioma: ESMO Clinical Practice Guidelines for diagnosis, treatment and follow up. R Stupp, JC Tonn, M Brada and G Pentheroudakis. Annals of Oncology. 2010.

CBTRUS Statistical report of primary brain and central nervous system tumours diagnosed in the United States in 2004-2006. Central brain tumour registry of the United States. Feb 2010.

Low grade Astrocytoma. Gallo J, e-medicine. Jan 2010. 

Emerging Clinical Principles on the use of Bevacizumab for the treatment of malignant gliomas. M Chamberlain. Cancer. 2010; 3988-3999.

Whole brain radiotherapy for the treatment of multiple brain metastases. MN Tsao, N Lloyd, RKS Wong, E Chow, E Rakovitch, N Laperriere. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2007.


Specialist reviewers

Dr Sarah Erridge, MBBS, MD, FRCR, FRCP
Dr Richard Grundy MBChB
Mr Sanj Bassi, Consultant Neurosurgeon
Ms T Hood, BPhil (Counselling) SRN, OND Adv. Dip
Mrs Ros Mitchell, MBBS, MD, FRCS(SN)
Dr Barry Pizer, FRCPCH, MRCP, MBChB, PhD
Dr Susan Short, MBBS, BSc, MRCP, FRCR, PhD



Dee McLean – MeDee Art, Medical Illustration

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Updated: 31 December 2013