A trial looking at treatment for children with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML 17)

Please note - this trial is no longer recruiting patients. We hope to add results when they are available.

Cancer type:

Acute leukaemia
Acute myeloid leukaemia (AML)
Blood cancers
Children's cancers




Phase 3

This trial is looking at the treatment for children with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). This trial is supported by Cancer Research UK.

There are different parts to this trial that are looking at adult AML and acute promyelocytic leukaemia. We have information about these other parts of the trial listed separately.

This trial is for children and young people up to and including the age of 15. We use the term ‘you’ in this summary, but if you are a parent, we are referring to your child.

Doctors use chemotherapy to treat AML. But for some children chemotherapy by itself may not be enough to get rid of AML  Biological therapies may also work with chemotherapy to treat AML.

We know from research that a group of chemicals called tyrosine kinases sends out signals that tell cells to grow and divide. Some leukaemia cells have a change (mutation Open a glossary item) in the gene called FLT3. This change in the FLT3 gene causes the cells to make too much tyrosine kinase. Doctors think that a tyrosine kinase inhibitor called CEP-701 may stop these FLT3 genes making too much tyrosine kinase. And so may help stop the leukaemia cells from growing and dividing.

To stop the AML coming back, doctors may use more chemotherapy. But they are not sure which chemotherapy might be the best.

The aims of this trial are to

  • Find out the best dose of daunorubicin
  • Look at CEP-701 to treat AML

Who can enter

You can enter this trial if you

You cannot enter this trial if you

Trial design

This is a national trial that aims to recruit 2,800 patients with AML and high risk MDS in the UK.

This trial has 2 phases. The first phase is to get rid of the leukaemia (induction phase). The second phase is to stop the leukaemia coming back (consolidation phase).

In the induction phase you will have daunorubicin.

After the first cycle of chemotherapy, you have a bone marrow test. This will give the doctor more information about your leukaemia and how it has responded to treatment so far. The doctor will discuss this with you and plan the rest of your treatment. You will be put into 1 of 3 treatment groups.

Group 1
People in this group will continue on to have daunorubicin, unless your bone marrow test shows you have an abnormal chromosome Open a glossary item called a ‘core binding factor’ then you will have Mylotarg as well.  Mylotarg is a monoclonal antibody.

Group 2
In this group the leukaemia cells have a change in the gene (mutation) called FLT3. People in this group will be out into 1 of 2 treatment groups. Neither you nor your doctor can choose which group you are in. This is called randomisation. You will have either CEP-701 or a dummy drug (placebo).  

CEP-701, and placebo, is a liquid that you take home to have. You can only mix them with the following fruit juices

  • Grape
  • Pineapple
  • Apple
  • V8® 100% vegetable juice
  • Orange juice (smooth only)

You cannot have grapefruit juice while taking CEP-701, or the placebo.

Group 3
In this group, the results of the bone marrow show that there is a high chance your leukaemia may come back after treatment. And the doctor will plan for a bone marrow or stem cell transplant. If you have chemotherapy before your transplant you will have

You have 2 cycles of chemotherapy in the induction phase. After each cycle you have a bone marrow test. If you are in complete remission Open a glossary item after the second cycle you will go on to the consolidation phase.

In the consolidation phase you have 2 courses of high dose Ara-C.

If you take part in this trial, the researchers will ask your permission to store some of your blood and bone marrow samples. These samples will be stored safely and may be used in the future, but for research purposes only. This is because studying these samples may help researchers learn more about leukaemia.

If you don’t wish to have your blood and bone marrow samples stored for research, you don’t have to. You can still take part in the trial.

Hospital visits

Before you start treatment you will see the doctor and have various tests. These tests will include

  • Blood tests
  • Bone marrow tests
  • Scans

You will have a blood test and possibly a bone marrow test before each cycle of chemotherapy.

All the chemotherapy is given through a drip into a vein; you will probably have these as an outpatient. There is a possibility that some people may need to have their chemotherapy as an inpatient, so may stay overnight in hospital.

Side effects

All chemotherapy has side effects. The most common side effects for the chemotherapy used in this trail are

Etoposide can cause a metallic taste in the mouth.

Amsacrine and daunorubicin can turn your urine pink or red. This can start up to 2 hours after having them and can last for up to 2 days.

Recruitment start:

Recruitment end:

How to join a clinical trial

Please note: In order to join a trial you will need to discuss it with your doctor, unless otherwise specified.

Please note - unless we state otherwise in the summary, you need to talk to your doctor about joining a trial.

Chief Investigator

Professor A K Burnett
Professor N H Russell

Supported by

Cancer Research UK
Cardiff University
Experimental Cancer Medicine Centre (ECMC)
NIHR Clinical Research Network: Cancer

Other information

This is Cancer Research UK trial number CRUK/08/025.

Questions about cancer? Contact our information nurses

Freephone 0808 800 4040

Last review date

CRUK internal database number:

Oracle 12497

Please note - unless we state otherwise in the summary, you need to talk to your doctor about joining a trial.

Wendy took part in a new trial studying the possible side effect of hearing loss

A picture of Wendy

"I was delighted to take part in a clinical trial as it has the potential to really help others in the future.”

Last reviewed:

Rate this page:

No votes yet
Thank you!
We've recently made some changes to the site, tell us what you think

Share this page