A trial looking at treatment with or without radical surgery for mesothelioma (MARS)

Cancer type:






This trial was looking at a particular operation or mesothelioma. It involved removing the affected lung, the diaphragm Open a glossary item and the covering of the heart (pericardium Open a glossary item).This is called an extra pleural pneumonectomy (EPP). This trial was supported by Cancer Research UK.

Mesothelioma is cancer of the lining of the lungs (pleura). Doctors can treat mesothelioma with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery. But none of these treatments can cure mesothelioma. As all treatments have side effects, it is important that any benefit from treatment is greater than any harmful effects.

The trial was known as MARS, which stands for Mesothelioma And Radical Surgery. It was a pilot study and the aims were to see

  • If EPP surgery helped people with mesothelioma
  • Whether it would be possible to carry out a larger trial looking at this

Summary of results

The trial recruited 112 people who had been diagnosed with mesothelioma. After joining the trial, everybody taking part had chemotherapy that included a platinum based drug Open a glossary item.

They were then put into 1 of 2 treatment groups by a computer. This is called randomisation. But some people were not randomised at this point, because their mesothelioma had got worse, they were not well enough to have surgery, or they chose not to have surgery.

Of the 112 people who joined the trial, 50 were randomised.

  • For 24 people, the planned treatment was EPP surgery followed by radiotherapy (for various reasons, 8 people did not have surgery as planned)
  • 26 people were randomised not to have EPP surgery

The researchers found that on average, people in the group not having EPP lived longer than those in the planned surgery group.

They also found that people in the planned surgery group rated their quality of life lower.

The trial team concluded that EPP surgery does not offer any benefit for people with mesothelioma and that a larger study looking at this would not be feasible.

We have based this summary on information from the team who ran the trial. The information they sent us has been reviewed by independent specialists (peer reviewed Open a glossary item) and published in a medical journal. The figures we quote above were provided by the trial team. We have not analysed the data ourselves.

Recruitment start:

Recruitment end:

How to join a clinical trial

Please note: In order to join a trial you will need to discuss it with your doctor, unless otherwise specified.

Please note - unless we state otherwise in the summary, you need to talk to your doctor about joining a trial.

Chief Investigator

Professor Julian Peto
Professor Tom Treasure

Supported by

Cancer Research UK
Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
June Hancock Mesothelioma Research Fund
National Institute for Health Research Cancer Research Network (NCRN)

Other information

This is Cancer Research UK trial number CRUK/04/003. 

Questions about cancer? Contact our information nurses

Freephone 0808 800 4040

Last review date

CRUK internal database number:

Oracle 218

Please note - unless we state otherwise in the summary, you need to talk to your doctor about joining a trial.

Over 60,000 cancer patients enrolled on clinical trials in the UK last year.

Last reviewed:

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