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It’s important to look for reliable sources of information to help sift the fact from the hype. You can find information about some common controversies in this section.
But stories about potential cancer causes are reported widely in the media, and it isn’t always clear which ideas are supported by good evidence.
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When someone notices lots of cases of cancer at the same time, it can be worrying. But these are usually down to coincidence.
There’s no good scientific evidence to believe that things like make-up or deodorants can cause cancer.
Many electronic and communications devices produce non-ionising radiation, which isn’t powerful enough to damage DNA and is unlikely to cause cancer.
There’s no convincing scientific evidence to back up claims that plastic bottles could cause cancer.
Stress itself is unlikely to increase cancer risk, but being stressed could make people less likely to make healthy choices about things like diet, alcohol and smoking.
Medical x-rays are important, but having x-rays or scans that your doctor hasn’t recommended can do more harm than good.
Other sources on cancer controversies:
Cancer Research UK Science blog
NHS Behind The Headlines blog
Sense About Science