Find out what sunitinib is, how you have it and other important information about having sunitinib.
Sunitinib (pronounced sue-nit-i-nib) is a cancer treatment and is also known by its brand name, Sutent.
It is a treatment for:
- advanced kidney cancer
- a rare type of stomach cancer called gastrointestinal stromal tumour (GIST)
- pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours
How it works
Sunitinib is a type of biological therapy called a protein kinase inhibitor. Protein kinase is a type of chemical messenger (an enzyme) that plays a part in the growth of cancer cells. Sunitinib blocks the protein kinase to stop the cancer growing. It can stop the growth of a tumour or shrink it down.
How you have it
Sunitinib comes as capsules. You can take them with or without food.
You should take the right dose, not more or less.
Never stop taking a cancer drug without talking to your specialist first.
When you have it
For kidney cancer and GIST stomach cancer
You take sunitinib once a day for 4 weeks and then have a 2 week break, when you don’t take the tablets. This 6 week period is called a cycle of treatment and is repeated for as long as the sunitinib works.
For pancreatic neuroendocrine tumours
You take sunitinib once a day without any breaks for as long as it works.
Tests during treatment
You have blood tests before starting treatment and during your treatment. They check your levels of blood cells and other substances in the blood. They also check how well your liver and kidneys are working.
Other medicines, foods and drink
Cancer drugs can interact with some other medicines and herbal products. Tell your doctor or pharmacist about any medicines you are taking. This includes vitamins, herbal supplements and over the counter remedies.
Pregnancy and contraception
This treatment might harm a baby developing in the womb. It is important not to become pregnant or father a child while you are having treatment and for a few months afterwards. Talk to your doctor or nurse about effective contraception and for how long you should use it before starting treatment.
Don’t breastfeed during this treatment because the drug may come through in your breast milk.
Slow wound healing
This drug can slow wound healing. If you need to have an operation you may need to stop taking it for a while beforehand. Your doctor will let you know when you can start taking it again.
Loss of fertility
You may not be able to become pregnant or father a child after treatment with this drug. Talk to your doctor before starting treatment if you think you may want to have a baby in the future. Men may be able to store sperm before starting treatment. Women may be able to store eggs or ovarian tissue but this is rare.
Treatment for other conditions
Always tell other doctors, nurses or dentists that you’re having this treatment if you need treatment for anything else, including teeth problems.
Don’t have immunisations with live vaccines while you’re having treatment and for at least 6 months afterwards.
In the UK, live vaccines include rubella, mumps, measles, BCG, yellow fever and Zostavax (shingles vaccine).
- have other vaccines, but they might not give you as much protection as usual
- have the flu vaccine
- be in contact with other people who've had live vaccines as injections
Avoid contact with people who’ve had live vaccines taken by mouth (oral vaccines). This includes the rotavirus vaccine given to babies. The virus is in the baby’s urine for up to 2 weeks and can make you ill. So, you mustn't change their nappies for 2 weeks after their vaccination.
You also need to avoid anyone who has had oral polio or typhoid vaccination recently.
More information about this treatment
For further information about this treatment go to the electronic Medicines Compendium (eMC) website.
You can report any side effect you have to the Medicines Health and Regulatory Authority (MHRA) as part of their Yellow Card Scheme.