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Types, stages and grades

The type tells you what type of cell it started in. The grade tells you how much the cancer cells look like normal cells. The stage of a cancer tells you how big it is and whether it has spread. They all help your doctor decide which treatment you need.

Types

The type of bladder cancer means the type of cell the cancer started in. Knowing this helps your doctor decide which treatment you need.

Stages

The stage of a cancer means how big the cancer is and whether it has spread. Knowing the stage helps your doctor decide which treatment you need.

Grades

The grade of a cancer means how much the cancer cells look like normal cells. It tells your doctor how the cancer might behave and what treatment you need.

Early (non muscle invasive) bladder cancer staging

In early bladder cancer the cancer cells are only in the bladder’s inner lining.

Invasive bladder cancer staging

Invasive bladder cancer means the cancer has spread into or through the muscle layer of the bladder. 

Advanced bladder cancer staging

Advanced bladder cancer means that your cancer has spread outside the bladder.

Information and help